Hiroshima University Syllabus

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Academic Year 2024Year School/Graduate School School of Applied Biological Science
Lecture Code L3005004 Subject Classification Specialized Education
Subject Name 動物栄養学
Subject Name
Subject Name in
Animal Nutrition
オビツ タケト,スギノ トシヒサ
Campus Higashi-Hiroshima Semester/Term 2nd-Year,  Second Semester,  4Term
Days, Periods, and Classrooms (4T) Fri1-4:ABS C301
Lesson Style Lecture Lesson Style
(More Details)
Mainly lecture 
Credits 2.0 Class Hours/Week   Language of Instruction J : Japanese
Course Level 3 : Undergraduate High-Intermediate
Course Area(Area) 26 : Biological and Life Sciences
Course Area(Discipline) 01 : Agricultural Sciences
Eligible Students Animal science program
Keywords Nutritional strategy by animal species, Digestion of feed nutrients, Metabolism and production 
Special Subject for Teacher Education   Special Subject  
Class Status
within Educational
(Applicable only to targeted subjects for undergraduate students)
Acquirement of basic knowledge and understanding on applied biological science through biology, zoology, biochemistry, bio-resource and food production, biotechnology, conservation of bio-environment, and on animal production through histophysiology, reproduction, nutrition, behavior and physiology 
Criterion referenced
(Applicable only to targeted subjects for undergraduate students)
Applied Animal and Plant Science Program
(Knowledge and Understanding)
・Knowledge and understanding regarding natural phenomena related to animal and plant production in levels of molecule, cell, and individual organism and production environment that supports the phenomena

・Knowledge and understanding regarding the mechanism of animal and plant production in fields and relation between animals and the human society and natural environment.
(Comprehensive Abilities)
・Ability to identify issues that he/she should pursue for a specific phenomenon related to animal and plant production, organize his/her own opinion, logically publish them orally and/or in writing, and discuss the topic

Food Science Program
(Knowledge and Understanding)
・Ability for comprehensive and crossdisciplinary thinking and knowledge / understandings required to see a phenomena from a broad, top-down perspective and to take action for solving problems regarding the specialized area.
・Basic knowledge of such as chemistry, biology, biochemistry, microbiology, physics, and mathematics required for understanding food science. 
Class Objectives
/Class Outline
Learning of basic items on nutrition for various animals closely related to human life; Transformation process of nutrients from feeds to animal products (digestion, absorption and metabolism), its diversity by animal species, and internal role of each nutrient. In first half, changes in digestive tracts along with animal evolution and differences among animal species, function of digestive tracts related to nutritional strategies by animal species, and digestive process and its numerical evaluation methods are provided. In second half, absorptive function of each nutrient as digestion products, intermediary kinetics of nutrients across tissues and organs, intracellular metabolism, function and deficiency decease of each nutrient, and interrelationship among nutrients are learned comprehensively. 
Class Schedule lesson1  Introduction: role and significance of animal nutrition in animal production science
lesson2  Chemical composition: animal body and plant; physiological function of nutrients; changes of body composition with growth
lesson3  Digestive function, Part 1: Monogastric animal.
lesson4  Digestive function, Part 2: Ruminant animal.
lesson5  Utilization and metabolism of carbohydrate: kinds of carbohydrate; digestion and kinetics; blood glucose; cellular metabolism (glucolysis, TCA cycle, electron transport chain, ATP yields, gluconeogenesis)
lesson6  Carbohydrate use by Ruminants: rumen fermentation (methane; green house gases, variation with feed type); metabolism of volatile fatty acids and ruminant production.
lesson7  Utilization and metabolism of lipids: kinds of lipids; role in animal body; metabolism and regulation (lipoprotein, synthesis and breakdown of fatty acids, energy storage, animal products)
lesson8  Utilization and metabolism of protein: kinds of amino acids; turnover rate; synthesis and breakdown; amino acid metabolism, urea cycle
lesson9  Features of ruminant nitrogen use: microbial use; fate of nitrogen in digestive tracts; urea recycle (nitrogen compounds in feeds, degradation of feed protein, microbial protein synthesis, metabolizable protein, hepatic metabolism)
lesson10  Energy metabolism in animal nutriton
lesson11  Role and deficiency disease of minerals: macro minerals; trace minerals; intoxication; macro mineral metabolism; electrolyte
lesson12  Role and deficiency disease of vitamins: fat-soluble vitamin; water-soluble vitamin (metabolic function, deficiency, animal production)
lesson13  Control and regulation of nutrient metabolism, Part 1
lesson14 Control and regulation of nutrient metabolism, Part 2
lesson15 Summary and discussion

Report and Term-end examination 
Animal Nutrition by P. McDonald et al. published by Longman Scientific Technical  
PC or AV used in
(More Details) Slides with projector 
Learning techniques to be incorporated  
Suggestions on
Preparation and
Refer to prints given for each lesson. 
Requirements Students attending class should have finished 'Primer of Biochemistry' 
Grading Method Report: 20 points, mini test: 20 points, Term-end examination: 60 points.  Passing line is more than 60 points. 
Practical Experience  
Summary of Practical Experience and Class Contents based on it  
Please fill in the class improvement questionnaire which is carried out on all classes.
Instructors will reflect on your feedback and utilize the information for improving their teaching. 
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