Hiroshima University Syllabus

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Academic Year 2024Year School/Graduate School School of Dentistry Program of Dentistry
Lecture Code J1503110 Subject Classification Specialized Education
Subject Name 口腔生理学II
Subject Name
コウクウセイリガク II
Subject Name in
Oral Physiology II
スギタ マコト,サカヨリ ノブユキ,ミヤベ リサコ
Campus Kasumi Semester/Term 2nd-Year,  First Semester,  2Term
Days, Periods, and Classrooms (2T) Weds1-4:DEN Lecture Rm 7
Lesson Style Lecture Lesson Style
(More Details)
Lectures using PC and the handout. In addition to face-to-face lectures, we also use the online system of Microsoft Teams and moodle.  
Credits 2.0 Class Hours/Week   Language of Instruction B : Japanese/English
Course Level 2 : Undergraduate Low-Intermediate
Course Area(Area) 27 : Health Sciences
Course Area(Discipline) 02 : Dental Sciences
Eligible Students The second-year students
Keywords Physiology, Oral Physiology  
Special Subject for Teacher Education   Special Subject  
Class Status
within Educational
(Applicable only to targeted subjects for undergraduate students)
Aims are to understand how the different molecules, cells, tissues, and organs of the human body work together to maintain life, and to help understand their abnormal function in disease. 
Criterion referenced
(Applicable only to targeted subjects for undergraduate students)
(Knowledge and Understanding)
・Knowledge regarding basic and clinical dental medicine
・Knowledge of life sciences
(Comprehensive Abilities)
・Rich humanity, understanding of professional responsibilities of a dentist, and general capabilities including basic knowledge, skills, and attitude required for putting such responsibilities into practice 
Class Objectives
/Class Outline
After studying this subject, you should be able to:
・ Understand the concept of homeostasis and know the effectiveness and beauty of the body’s homeostasis mechanisms.
・ Understand the basis of the cell/neuron structure and function.
・ Define the resting membrane potential, and describe the changes in ionic channels that underlie the action potential.
・ Describe the mechanisms underlying muscle cell excitation-contraction coupling.
・ Understand the main molecular and morphological features of chemical and electrical transmission at synapses.
・ Explain the essential elements of sensory perception and coding, and describe the neural pathways that transmit sensory information.
・ Explain the essential elements of the neural basis of behavior.
・ Name the neurotransmitter released by autonomic nerves, and outline the functions of the autonomic neurons.
・ Describe the various type of long-term memory and define synaptic plasticity in learning and memory.
・ List the hormones, explain the machineries that regulate hormone secretion, and briefly describe the action of each.
・ Describe the essential elements and functional significance of the gastrointestinal system.
・ Understand the origin of the electrical activity of the heart, and outline the cardiovascular regulatory mechanisms.
・ Understand the function and regulatory mechanisms of the respiratory system involved in gas transport and pH control.
・ Understand the essential elements of the renal function of body fluid homeostasis.

Class Schedule lesson1: (6/12-1) Function of the autonomic nervous system (Sugita)
lesson2: (6/12-2) The respiratory system (Sugita)
lesson3: (6/19-1) Kidney and body fluid homeostasis (Sugita)
lesson4: (6/19-1) The neural basis of behavior (Sugita)
lesson5: (6/26-1) Motor control・Higher brain function (Sugita)
lesson6: (6/26-2) Mechanisms of general anesthesia (Miyabe)
lesson7: (7/2-1) Neuronal mechanisms underlying the control of mastication (Inoue)
lesson8: (7/3-1) Saliva and salivary glands (Sugita)
lesson9: (7/3-2) The brain reward system (Sakayori)
lesson10: (7/9-1) Gastrointestinal function (Sugita)
lesson11: (7/10-1) Oral presentation of your group study (Sugita, Sakayori, Miyabe)
lesson12: (7/10-2) Oral presentation of your group study (Sugita, Sakayori, Miyabe)
lesson13: (7/17-1) Physiology of jaw motion and swallowing (Sugita)
lesson14: (7/17-2) The maxillofacial somatosensory systems (Sugita)
lesson15: (7/24-1) The taste and olfactory systems (Sugita)

lesson16: (7/24-2) Examination (Sugita, Sakayori, Miyabe) 
Ganong's Review of Medical Physiology, 26th edition (McGraw-Hill)
Kisoshikaseirigaku, 7th edition (Ishiyakushuppan)
Hyoujyunseirigaku, 9th edition (Igakushoin) 
PC or AV used in
(More Details) Textbook, Handout, PC 
Learning techniques to be incorporated  
Suggestions on
Preparation and
Please find out something you are very interested in, and learn them deeply. Don't hesitate to ask questions. In the oral presentation session, you are requested to present your group studies on the mechanisms of physiological functions that you are interested in, focusing on what was clarified recently and how it was elucidated in its research field.
Grading Method The scores of the final exam (80%), oral presentation (10%) and reports (10%) will be evaluated. 
Practical Experience  
Summary of Practical Experience and Class Contents based on it  
Please fill in the class improvement questionnaire which is carried out on all classes.
Instructors will reflect on your feedback and utilize the information for improving their teaching. 
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