Hiroshima University Syllabus

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Academic Year 2024Year School/Graduate School School of Integrated Arts and Sciences Department of Integrated Arts and Sciences
Lecture Code AHL32001 Subject Classification Specialized Education
Subject Name 中国語学演習
Subject Name
Subject Name in
Chinese Language Teaching
オオシマ ヒロミ
Campus Higashi-Hiroshima Semester/Term 2nd-Year,  First Semester,  2Term
Days, Periods, and Classrooms (2T) Mon5-8:IAS K206
Lesson Style Seminar Lesson Style
(More Details)
Lecture, seminar, discussions 
Credits 2.0 Class Hours/Week   Language of Instruction J : Japanese
Course Level 2 : Undergraduate Low-Intermediate
Course Area(Area) 23 : Arts and Humanities
Course Area(Discipline) 06 : Linguistics
Eligible Students Undergraduate students (from sophomore to senior year)
Keywords Chinese phonology, Chinese dialects, phonetics, Chinese rime dictionaries, Sinoxenic pronunciation 
Special Subject for Teacher Education   Special Subject  
Class Status
within Educational
(Applicable only to targeted subjects for undergraduate students)
The course aims to provide students with basic knowledge in Chinese phonology, Sinoxenic pronunciation and Chinese dialects, forming the necessary knowledge for academic development. 
Criterion referenced
(Applicable only to targeted subjects for undergraduate students)
Integrated Arts and Sciences
(Knowledge and Understanding)
・Knowledge and understanding of the importance and characteristics of each discipline and basic theoretical framework.
(Abilities and Skills)
・The ability and skills to collect and analyze necessary literature or data among various sources of information on individual academic disciplines.
・The ability and skills to specify necessary theories and methods for consideration of issues. 
Class Objectives
/Class Outline
・Understand the syllable structure of Chinese and Sinoxenic pronunciation.
・Be able to acquire knowledge about phonological changes in Chinese.
・Gain understanding of the phonological relationship between Mandarin Chinese (Standard Chinese) and Chinese dialects. 
Class Schedule Lesson 1:  Overview of the Class / Phonetics and Phonology of Modern (Standard) Chinese 1 (Standard Chinese Pronunciation and Pinyin)
Lesson 2: Phonetics and Phonology of Modern (Standard) Chinese 2 (Chinese Initials and Finals)
Lesson 3: Phonetics and Phonology of Modern (Standard) Chinese 3 (Chinese Tones)
Lesson 4: Middle Chinese Phonology 1 (Qieyun and Guangyun, Yunjing 1)
Lesson 5: Middle Chinese Phonology 2 (Qieyun and Guangyun, Yunjing 2)
Lesson 6: Middle Chinese Phonology 3 (Qieyun and Guangyun, Yunjing 3)
Lesson 7: Middle Chinese Phonology 4 (Initials of Middle Chinese Phonology)
Lesson 8: Middle Chinese Phonology 5 (Finals of Middle Chinese Phonology)
Lesson 9: Middle Chinese Phonology 6 (Tones of Middle Chinese Phonology)
Lesson 10: Chinese Dialects 1 ("Fangyan" by Yang Xiong and Geographical Distribution of Modern Chinese Dialects)
Lesson 11: Chinese Dialects 2 (Mandarin Dialects and Jin Dialects)
Lesson 12: Chinese Dialects 3 (Wu Dialects and Xiang Dialects)
Lesson 13: Chinese Dialects 4 (Gan Dialects, Hakka Dialects and Yue Dialects)
Lesson 14: Chinese Dialects 5 (Min Dialects and Other Chinese Dialects )
Lesson 15: Linguistic Geography of Chinese Dialects / Place-Names and Chinese Dialects

Term paper

The first half of the course will focus on Middle Chinese phonology as documented in the rhyme dictionaries published during the Sui, Tang, and Song Dynasties, primarily the Guangyun. The second half will delve into the phonology of Chinese dialects, comparing them with Middle Chinese phonology. 
Hirayama, H. 1967. Chuuko Kango no On’in. Gengo, Chuugoku Bunka Soushou1. 112-166, Tokyo: Taishukan Publishing
Dong, T.  Hanyu Yinyunxue (both possible copies published in Taiwan and Mainland China)
Norman,J. 1988. Chinese. Cambridge University Press
Li, X. and Xiang, M. 2009. Hanyu Fangyanxue Jichu Jiaocheng. Beijing: Beijing University Press
Chen, P.  Songben Guangyun. (both possible copies published by Yee Wen Publishing Company in Taiwan or copies, annotated by Z. Zhou, printed by Zhonghua Shuju in Mainland China) 
PC or AV used in
(More Details)  
Learning techniques to be incorporated  
Suggestions on
Preparation and
Thorough reviews of the phonology of Middle Chinese and the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) will be necessary. 
Requirements ・The enrollment is limited to students who do not speak Chinese as their native language, because this course includes content related to studying Chinese.
・It is desirable for students to have prior experience in learning Chinese.
・This course focuses on academic content and does not prioritize the acquisition of practical skills. Please be aware that absences may affect your understanding of the course. 
Grading Method Active participation in this class (50%) and a term paper (50%) 
Practical Experience  
Summary of Practical Experience and Class Contents based on it  
Message By understanding the phonology of Middle Chinese, students can deepen their understanding not only of Mandarin Chinese pronunciation but also of the pronunciation of Japanese kanji. The pronunciation of some dialects in China differs significantly from Mandarin Chinese, with certain dialects in the southeastern region of China exhibiting differences so profound that they are almost incomprehensible, resembling foreign languages. Through the study of Chinese phonology, it becomes apparent that each dialect shares deep phonological relationships with one another. 
Please fill in the class improvement questionnaire which is carried out on all classes.
Instructors will reflect on your feedback and utilize the information for improving their teaching. 
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