Hiroshima University Syllabus

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Academic Year 2024Year School/Graduate School School of Applied Biological Science
Lecture Code L0015001 Subject Classification Specialized Education
Subject Name 微生物学入門
Subject Name
Subject Name in
Introduction to Microbiology
ナカヤマ タツヤ,サンボンギ ヨシヒロ,シマモト タダシ,オビツ タケト,ナガオカ トシノリ,オキナカ ヤスシ
Campus Higashi-Hiroshima Semester/Term 1st-Year,  First Semester,  2Term
Days, Periods, and Classrooms (2T) Tues1-2,Thur1-2:ABS C201
Lesson Style Lecture Lesson Style
(More Details)
Credits 2.0 Class Hours/Week   Language of Instruction J : Japanese
Course Level 1 : Undergraduate Introductory
Course Area(Area) 26 : Biological and Life Sciences
Course Area(Discipline) 01 : Agricultural Sciences
Eligible Students Students belonging to the Faculty of Applied Biological Sciences. However, other faculty students, who take the minor programs of HiPROSPECTS, are eligible.
Keywords Bacteria, Fungus, Virus, Beneficial microorganism, Fermentation, Pathogenic microorganism, Infection, Food safety, Growth and metabolism, DNA, RNA, Gene, Drug resistance, Immunity, Material cycle, Environment preservation and clarification, Rumen microorganism.,Practical work experience 
Special Subject for Teacher Education   Special Subject  
Class Status
within Educational
(Applicable only to targeted subjects for undergraduate students)
Criterion referenced
(Applicable only to targeted subjects for undergraduate students)
Integrative Hydrospheric Science Program
(Knowledge and Understanding)
・Basic knowledge and understanding required for studying the expertise

Applied Animal and Plant Science Program
(Knowledge and Understanding)
・Basic knowledge and understanding required for acquiring expertise

・Knowledge and understanding regarding natural phenomena related to animal and plant production in levels of molecule, cell, and individual organism and production environment that supports the phenomena

Food Science Program
(Knowledge and Understanding)
・Basic knowledge and understanding required for acquiring expertise

Molecular Agro-Life Science Program
(Knowledge and Understanding)
・Basic knowledge and understanding required for acquiring expertise

Applied Biological Science Program
(Knowledge and Understanding)
・Basic knowledge and understanding required for acquiring expertise 
Class Objectives
/Class Outline
This lecture gives you basic knowledge on the proliferation mechanisms of microorganisms and on the relationships between microorganisms and human life. This lecture also encourages greater interest in microorganisms to show food safety involved in microorganisms and utilization of microorganisms with varieties of functions. 
Class Schedule Lesson 1: Histroy of microbiology, Diversity of microorganisms (Pure culture, Pasteur, Koch, Procaryote, Eucaryote,  Bacterium, Fungus, Virus)
Lesson 2: Cell structure of microorganisms, Experimental methods in
microbiology  (Cell wall, Cytoplasmic membrane, Flagellum, Spore, Gram-positive  or -negative bacterium, Stainig, Culture medium, Sterilization, Classification of microorganisms)
Lesson 3: Microorganisms involved in food poisoning(Food safety, Microbial hazards, Food poisoning, Foodborne infections, Techiniques to control microorganisms, HACCP、Risk analysis)
Lesson 4: Growth of microorganisms(Microbial activity in  an environment, Growth curve, Generation time)
Lesson 5: Metabolism of microorganisms(Catabolism, Anabolism, Oxidation, Reduction, Respiration, ATP)  
Lesson 6: Application of microorganisms(Fermented food, Fermentative product)
Lesson 7: Microbial genetics (DNA, RNA, Base, Nucleotide, Central dogma, Replication, Mutation)
Lesson 8: Microbial gene mutation and genetic engineering (Mutation, Mutagen, Genetic recombination, Plasmid, Phage, Restriction enzyme, PCR)
Lesson 9: Microbial gene regulation (Transcription, Translation, Gene, Lactose operon, Tryptophan operon)
Lesson 10: Introduction to virology (Classification of viruses, Viral structure, Receptor, Viral multiplication, Methods for culture and detection)
Lesson 11: Pathological microbiology(Bacterial diseases,  Viral diseases, Inapparent infection, Horizontal or vertical infection, Amphixenosis, Opportunistic infection, Hospital infection, Virulent factor, Natural immunity, Acquired immunity)
Lesson 12: Symbiosis and  relevant microorganisms(Rhizobium, Trichonymphea, Endosymbiosis, Chloroplast, Mitochondria)
Lesson 13: Microorganisms and environments (Material cycle, Environment preservation and clarification)
Lesson 14: Agriculture and microorganisms (soil microorganisms, Symbiotic microorganism, Plant pathogens)
Lesson 15: Livestock industry and microorganisms (Rumen microorganism, Flora, Silage microorganism) 
微生物学、化学同人、青木健次 編著、ISBN: 978-4-7598-1104-9 (in Japanese) 
PC or AV used in
(More Details) Power Point 
Learning techniques to be incorporated  
Suggestions on
Preparation and
Prepare and review for each lesson. 
Grading Method Short test or report (25%)
Final exam (75%) 
Practical Experience Experienced  
Summary of Practical Experience and Class Contents based on it  
Other Lectures are performed in English for foreign students on request. 
Please fill in the class improvement questionnaire which is carried out on all classes.
Instructors will reflect on your feedback and utilize the information for improving their teaching. 
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