Hiroshima University Syllabus

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Academic Year 2024Year School/Graduate School School of Dentistry Program of Oral Health Sciences Program for Oral Health Science
Lecture Code J1602020 Subject Classification Specialized Education
Subject Name 生理学・口腔生理学
Subject Name
Subject Name in
Physiology and Oral Physiology
スギタ マコト,サカヨリ ノブユキ,ミヤベ リサコ
Campus Kasumi Semester/Term 1st-Year,  Second Semester,  4Term
Days, Periods, and Classrooms (4T) Weds1-4:DEN Lecture Rm 2
Lesson Style Lecture Lesson Style
(More Details)
Lecture using PC and the handout 
Credits 2.0 Class Hours/Week   Language of Instruction J : Japanese
Course Level 2 : Undergraduate Low-Intermediate
Course Area(Area) 27 : Health Sciences
Course Area(Discipline) 02 : Dental Sciences
Eligible Students The first-year students
Keywords Physiology, Oral Physiology  
Special Subject for Teacher Education   Special Subject  
Class Status
within Educational
(Applicable only to targeted subjects for undergraduate students)
Aims are to understand how the different molecules, cells, tissues, and organs of the human body work together to maintain life, and to help understand their abnormal function in disease. 
Criterion referenced
(Applicable only to targeted subjects for undergraduate students)
Oral Health Science
(Knowledge and Understanding)
・Knowledge and understanding of the development of diseases and promotion of the recovery process. 
Class Objectives
/Class Outline
After studying this subject, you should be able to:
・ Understand the basis of the cell/neuron structure and function.
・ Define the resting membrane potential, and describe the changes in ionic channels that underlie the action potential.
・ Describe the mechanisms underlying muscle cell excitation-contraction coupling.
・ Understand the main molecular and morphological features of chemical and electrical transmission at synapses.
・ Explain the essential elements of sensory perception and coding, and describe the neural pathways that transmit sensory information.
・ Name the neurotransmitter released by autonomic nerves, and outline the functions of the autonomic neurons.
・ List the hormones, explain the machineries that regulate hormone secretion, and briefly describe the action of each.
・ Describe the essential elements and functional significance of the gastrointestinal system.
・ Understand the origin of the electrical activity of the heart, and outline the cardiovascular regulatory mechanisms.
・ Understand the function and regulatory mechanisms of the respiratory system involved in gas transport and pH control.
・ Understand the essential elements of the renal function of body fluid homeostasis. 
Class Schedule 1. Introduction. The cellular basis of physiology I (Sugita)
2. The cellular basis of physiology II. The structure and function of the nervous system I (Sugita)
3. The structure and function of the nervous system II (Sugita)
4. Physiology of muscle cells・The motor systems (Sugita)
5. The sensory systems (Sugita)
6. The oral and maxillofacial somatosensory systems. The taste system (Sugita)
7. The respiratory system (Sakayori)
8. Kidney and body fluid homeostasis (Sakayori)
9. The cardiovascular system (Miyabe)
10. Brain function・Mechanisms of general anesthesia (Miyabe)
11. Oral presentation of physiological aspects of your interests (Sugita, Sakayori, Miyabe)
12. Endocrinology (Sakayori)
13. Function of the autonomic nervous system・Gastrointestinal function (Sakayori)
14. Feeding behavior (Sakayori)
15. Mastication and swallowing・Saliva and salivary glands (Sugita)

16. Examination (Sugita, Sakayori, Miyabe) 
Kisoshikaseirigaku, 7th edition (Ishiyakushuppan) 
PC or AV used in
(More Details) Textbook, Handout, PC 
Learning techniques to be incorporated  
Suggestions on
Preparation and
Please find out something you are very interested in, and learn them deeply. Don't hesitate to ask questions.
Grading Method The scores of examinations (80%) and the contents of oral presentation (10%) and reports (10%) will be evaluated. 
Practical Experience  
Summary of Practical Experience and Class Contents based on it  
Please fill in the class improvement questionnaire which is carried out on all classes.
Instructors will reflect on your feedback and utilize the information for improving their teaching. 
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