Hiroshima University Syllabus

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Academic Year 2023Year School/Graduate School Graduate School of Advanced Science and Engineering (Master's Course) Division of Advanced Science and Engineering Transdisciplinary Science and Engineering Program
Lecture Code WSQB1701 Subject Classification Specialized Education
Subject Name 地球流体構造論
Subject Name
Subject Name in
Global Fluid Dynamics and Natural Structure Formation
オザワ ヒサシ
Campus Higashi-Hiroshima Semester/Term 1st-Year,  First Semester,  1Term
Days, Periods, and Classrooms (1T) Weds1-4:IAS J201
Lesson Style Lecture Lesson Style
(More Details)
Credits 2.0 Class Hours/Week   Language of Instruction B : Japanese/English
Course Level 5 : Graduate Basic
Course Area(Area) 25 : Science and Technology
Course Area(Discipline) 03 : Natural Environment
Eligible Students Graduate students
Keywords Global fluids, Circulation, Non-equilibrium, Energy dissipation, Dissipative structure, Self-organization 
Special Subject for Teacher Education   Special Subject  
Class Status
within Educational
(Applicable only to targeted subjects for undergraduate students)
Criterion referenced
(Applicable only to targeted subjects for undergraduate students)
Class Objectives
/Class Outline
The objective of this course is to gain basic knowledge about the state of the global fluid system and the mechanism of its change by learning from multiple perspectives about the ordered structure formation in the global fluid system and related systems under non-equilibrium states. This class consists of Part 1 (Global Fluid Dynamic System) and Part 2 (Natural Structure Formation). 
Class Schedule • Introduction (1)
Part 1. Global fluid dynamic system (2-7)
• The global fluid system: a non-equilibrium open system
• Global radiation balance
• Vertical temperature distribution
• Heat transport by the general circulation
• Energy dissipation due to heat transport

Part 2. Natural stricture formation (8-15)
• Periodic patterns in nature
• Dissipative structures of fluid systems
• Pattern formation in granular flows
• Periodic patterns of cracks
• Fractal and dissipative structures
• Summary and exercises 
a) Lorenz, E. N., "The Nature and Theory of the General Circulation of the Atmosphere", WMO, Geneva, 1967.
b) Prigogine, I., and I. Stengers, "Order out of Chaos", Bantam, New York, 1984.
c) Mandelbrot, B. B., "The Fractal Geometry of Nature", Freeman, New York, 1977.
PC or AV used in
(More Details) PowerPoint and converted PDF files, demonstration experiments. 
Learning techniques to be incorporated  
Suggestions on
Preparation and
Read the provided PDF files carefully together with the reference texts (a, b, c). 
Grading Method Evaluate based on the content of assignments and reports, and the quality and quantity of participation in the lectures. 
Practical Experience  
Summary of Practical Experience and Class Contents based on it  
Other The language of instruction will be decided and announced on the first day of the class based on the language proficiency of the students.  
Please fill in the class improvement questionnaire which is carried out on all classes.
Instructors will reflect on your feedback and utilize the information for improving their teaching. 
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