Hiroshima University Syllabus

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Academic Year 2023Year School/Graduate School Graduate School of Humanities and Social Sciences (Master's Course) Division of Educational Sciences Educational Design for Teacher Educators Program
Lecture Code WNB80000 Subject Classification Specialized Education
Subject Name 病弱生理・病理特論
Subject Name
Subject Name in
Further Study in Physiology and Pathology of Health
サナダ サトシ,フナバシ アツヒコ,ムラカミ リエ
Campus Higashi-Hiroshima Semester/Term 1st-Year,  First Semester,  First Semester
Days, Periods, and Classrooms (1st) Inte:Faculty Office
Lesson Style Lecture Lesson Style
(More Details)
This course provides lectures on Disabilities at Incipient/Fetal/Perinatal Stages, Sensory Organs and Motor Function Disorders, Mechanisms of Brain/Neurological Dysfunctions, Regularly-Seen Diseases, Prenatal Diagnosis, Current Situations of Gene Therapies, etc.  
Credits 2.0 Class Hours/Week   Language of Instruction J : Japanese
Course Level 6 : Graduate Advanced
Course Area(Area) 24 : Social Sciences
Course Area(Discipline) 07 : Education
Eligible Students Open only to Masters students of Special Needs Education in Graduate School of Education
Keywords Medical fragility, pediatrics, epilepsy syndrome, severe mental and physical disorder
,Medical Care in Schools
Special Subject for Teacher Education   Special Subject  
Class Status
within Educational
(Applicable only to targeted subjects for undergraduate students)
Criterion referenced
(Applicable only to targeted subjects for undergraduate students)
Class Objectives
/Class Outline
Recaps physiology from emergence until delivery, details deformities that occur in emergence, fetal, and perinatal periods from physiology and pathology perspectives. Provides leaning about mechanism of deformities of sensory organs, movement function, and brain/nerve caused by genetic, fetus, mother body, or environmental factors including explanation on disorders that are typically seen. Furthermore, describes pathologic observation on emotional disability at infancy. Also, introduces latest observation on prenatal test, genetic treatment, and ES cell to seek possibility for special needs education and medical treatment for medically fragile child.
Class Schedule lesson1 What is pathology of handicapped children? It describes WHO's medical model and disability model, classification of disabilities, and education for children with health impairments in collaboration between institutions in medical, welfare, and education fields.

lesson2 Embryology(Use visual teaching materials :DVD, etc.) Developmental mechanisms(gamete,blastula,embryo,fetus,delivery)

lesson3 Brain anatomy and physiology 3-1 Anatomy(microanatomy:brain,vessel,cerebrospinal fluid),3-2 Histology(neurotransmitter and neural network),3-3 Physiology(mechanisms of movement,perception,emotion,and high-order function)

lesson4 Disorders in central nervous system 4-1 dyskinesia,4-2 sensory disturbance(visual impairment,hearing impairment),4-3 emotional disability

lesson5 Cause of disorder external factor and internal factor

lesson6 Certain conditions originating in the nascent / fetal / perinatal period

lesson7 Major diseases in education for children with health impairments:bronchial asthma,renal disease,leukemia,progressive muscular dystrophy, etc.

lesson8 Specific Chronic Diseases of Children

lesson9 Inborn errors of metabolismⅠ Disorders of amino acid metabolism and carbohydrate metabolism

lesson10 Inborn errors of metabolismⅡ lipid metabolism,Disorders of endocrine metabolism and myonephrotic metabolism

lesson11 Typical symptomsⅠ 11-1 Fever,11-2 Malformation

lesson12 Typical symptomsⅡ 12-3 Epilepsy,12-4 Abnormal behavior(Conducted incidents to others, self-injury, etc.)

lesson13 Prenatal diagnosis

lesson14 Current trends of human genome,molecular testing,embryonic stem cell (ES cell)(with visual teaching materials, such as DVD)

lesson15 Medical homecare for children with health impairments

A final assignment will be given at the end of the lecture.
To be introduced in the class.
PC or AV used in
(More Details) Textbook, handouts, voice material, image (video/PC/other image material)
Learning techniques to be incorporated  
Suggestions on
Preparation and
As this is an intensive course and conducted consecutively, make sure you review the contents.
Requirements Review what you have learned so far and come to class. 
Grading Method Students to be assessed by reports (from viewpoints of acquirement level of basic knowledge about phycology, physiology and pathology of sickly children, understanding level of significance and importance of medical care for Special Needs Education) and in-class performance.   
Practical Experience Experienced  
Summary of Practical Experience and Class Contents based on it Lectures will be given on the clinical picture and medical involvement of children with illnesses and disabilities, based on the experience of medical treatment at medical institutions and rehabilitation centers. 
Please fill in the class improvement questionnaire which is carried out on all classes.
Instructors will reflect on your feedback and utilize the information for improving their teaching. 
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