Hiroshima University Syllabus

Back to syllabus main page
Academic Year 2023Year School/Graduate School Liberal Arts Education Program
Lecture Code 63540001 Subject Classification Area Courses
Subject Name 自然環境形成論
Subject Name
Subject Name in
Introduction of Natural Environmental Science in Earth Surface
オザワ ヒサシ
Campus Higashi-Hiroshima Semester/Term 1st-Year,  Second Semester,  3Term
Days, Periods, and Classrooms (3T) Weds1-4:IAS K210
Lesson Style Lecture Lesson Style
(More Details)
Lecture-oriented format, PowerPoint will be used. 
Credits 2.0 Class Hours/Week   Language of Instruction J : Japanese
Course Level 2 : Undergraduate Low-Intermediate
Course Area(Area) 25 : Science and Technology
Course Area(Discipline) 03 : Natural Environment
Eligible Students Undergraduate students
Keywords Earth, life, universe, atmosphere, ocean, climate 
Special Subject for Teacher Education   Special Subject  
Class Status within
Liberal Arts Education
Area Courses(Courses in Natural Sciences) Category:Natural Environment / Civil Infrastructure 
Expected Outcome1. To learn the formation and evolution processes of the Earth and the universe.
2. To learn the concept for a general understanding of the whole natural phenomena.  
Class Objectives
/Class Outline
To learn an outline of the evolutionary history of the Earth, life and the universe, and gain insight into the mechanism of such evolution. 
Class Schedule    ・Introduction (1)
Part 1. Evolution of the Earth and the universe (2-6)  
   ・The Big Bang and expansion of the universe  
   ・Stellar evolution and nuclear reactions
   ・Formation of the solar system and the Earth
   ・The origin of life
   ・Evolution of life on the Earth
Part 2. Present climate of the Earth (7-12)  
   ・Electromagnetic radiation  
   ・Global radiation balance  
   ・Vertical temperature distribution
   ・Latitudinal radiation balance
   ・Heat transport by the atmosphere and ocean
Part 3. History of the Earth's climate (13-15)  
   ・The faint young sun paradox  
   ・Glacial-interglacial climate variations in the Quaternary
a) Weinberg, S. "The First Three Minutes", Andre Deutsch, 1977.
b) Lovelock, J. "The Ages of Gaia", Oxford Univ. Press, 1988.
c) 杉本大一郎「エントロピー入門: 地球・情報・社会への適用」中公新書 774, 1985.
PC or AV used in
(More Details) PowerPoint and converted PDF files. 
Learning techniques to be incorporated  
Suggestions on
Preparation and
Read the provided PDF files carefully together with the reference texts (a, b, c). 
Grading Method Your grade will be evaluated based on the following:
i) Final examination and/or final report (70%),
ii) Class participation and assignments (30%).
Practical Experience  
Summary of Practical Experience and Class Contents based on it  
Message Let us discuss the evolutionary mystery of the earth and life. 
Other https://home.hiroshima-u.ac.jp/hozawa/ 
Please fill in the class improvement questionnaire which is carried out on all classes.
Instructors will reflect on your feedback and utilize the information for improving their teaching. 
Back to syllabus main page