Hiroshima University Syllabus

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Japanese
Academic Year 2022Year School/Graduate School School of Integrated Arts and Sciences Department of Integrated Global Studies
Lecture Code ARC01001 Subject Classification Specialized Education
Subject Name Global Environmental Issues from the Social and Scientific Perspectives I (社会と科学からみた地球環境問題 I)
Subject Name
(Katakana)
シャカイトカガクカラミタチキュウカンキョウモンダイ I
Subject Name in
English
Global Environmental Issues from the Social and Scientific Perspectives I
Instructor YAMADA TOSHIHIRO
Instructor
(Katakana)
ヤマダ トシヒロ
Campus Higashi-Hiroshima Semester/Term 2nd-Year,  First Semester,  1Term
Days, Periods, and Classrooms (1T) Tues5-6:IAS K210
Lesson Style Lecture Lesson Style
(More Details)
 
Lectures,Discussions,Presentations, Fieldwork
In class first, but the COVID-19 situation would not allow me to do it. In that case, I will do on line class. 
Credits 1.0 Class Hours/Week   Language of Instruction E : English
Course Level 2 : Undergraduate Low-Intermediate
Course Area(Area) 25 : Science and Technology
Course Area(Discipline) 03 : Natural Environment
Eligible Students
Keywords Natural environment, environmental biology, conservation biology, biological diversity, environmental ethics 
Special Subject for Teacher Education   Special Subject  
Class Status
within Educational
Program
 
Criterion referenced
Evaluation
Integrated Global Studies
(Knowledge and Understanding)
・The knowledge and understanding to fully recognize the
mutual relations and their importance among individual
academic disciplines.
(Abilities and Skills)
・The ability to specify necessary theories and methods for the consideration of important issues.
(Comprehensive Abilities)
・The ability to conduct research proactively by combining knowledge,  understanding, and skills for the tasks, based on flexible creativity and imagination. 
Class Objectives
/Class Outline
To obtain basic knowledge and skills of environmental science 
Class Schedule lesson1 Introduction and guidance

lesson2  tragedy of the commons.
Can (natural and/or social) sciences solve global environmental issues? What kind of aid can you do for poor countries?

Keywords: population growth/Adam Smith/invisible hand/commons/Elinor Ostrom

lesson3 Biodiversity
Biodiversity is a hierarchical concept of three layers. You need to use this concept when discussing “biodiversity.”

Keywords: genetic diversity/species diversity/ecosystem diversity/species richness/forecasting/back casting/sustainable development/sustainable environment/human-centric/non-human-centric

lesson4 Species?
Species diversity is the central concept of biodiversity. But what is "species"?
Can you define "species”?
Sometimes, biologists think that species is delusion.
Do you know the “biological concept of a species”? Do you still believe in the old-fashioned “biological concept of a species”? I will introduce the new concept of species after the “biological concept of a species.”

Keywords: biological concept of species/ring species/phylogenic concept of species/morphological concept of species/micro-satellite DNA/coalescent analysis

lesson5 How many species are there? How diverse a world we are living in!
We have discovered 1.2 million species since Linnaeus established his taxonomy. But we also discover 6000 new species every year. How many species are still awaiting our discovery?

Keywords: Linnaeus/new species


lesson6 Why are organisms so diverse? Patterns of diversity

lesson7 The sixth mass extinction. Are we guilty?
Do you know that we live in a world amid the sixth mass extinction? A tremendous number of species are vanishing forever…… Do we need to conserve them?
No!? Because extinction is a natural process? Should we leave them to go extinct?
No!? Just follow the law of the jungle?
Can we take up this idea? In class, I will also introduce “social Darwinism,” the dark history of biology.

Keywords: mass extinction/big 5/ICU/Darwinism/social Darwinism/the law of the jungle

lesson8  What can you do for biodiversity in daily life? Nothing? You have great power! You can change the world!
We are consumers. We buy a lot of products and spend a lot of money. Companies love us because we buy their products. If we only bought products that were friendly to the environment (biodiversity), companies would have no choice but to sell only products that are friendly to the environment (biodiversity). In this way, we can change the world!

Keywords: eco label/ forest stewardship council/rainforest alliance/CoC (Chain of Custody) certification



lesson9  Biodiversity—A chance or a risk for company?
Some companies think biodiversity is a business opportunity, while others think biodiversity is risk. How can biodiversity be either a business opportunity or a business risk?
I also introduce the idea of the supply chain and CSR.

Keywords: CSR/supply chain

lesson10 Summary of the course

Homework is mondetary. Class is on the homework. You would expect you cannot understand the class if you donot do homework. 
Text/Reference
Books,etc.
The course does not use a specific textbook. You will receive handouts.
BUT BUT BUT
Japanese readable students, 「正義の生物学(講談社)」 covers a series of classes in GEISS. I highly recommend you reading this book. It takes you to the higher level of understanding. 
PC or AV used in
Class,etc.
 
(More Details) PC! PC! PC!
You must bring your PC even in a face to face class. You need it to answer my questions. 
Learning techniques to be incorporated  
Suggestions on
Preparation and
Review
Lesson 1 Check all the keywords. You need to be able to explain them by yourself before the class.
Lesson 2 Check all the keywords. You need to be able to explain them by yourself before the class.
READ the article "The Tragedy of the Commons" download at
https://science.sciencemag.org/content/162/3859/1243
日本人学生:高校倫理の教科書で”共有地の悲劇”がどのように紹介されているか調べろ!


Lesson 3 Check all the keywords. You need to be able to explain them by yourself before the class.
READ the article "LIFEBOAT ETHICS" download at
http://web.ntpu.edu.tw/~language/course/research/lifeboat.pdf

Lesson 4 Check all the keywords. You need to be able to explain them by yourself before the class.

Lesson 5 Check all the keywords. You need to be able to explain them by yourself before the class.
Check how biological concept of species, phylogenic concept of species, and morphological concept of species are defined (perhaps you can see it “Campbell Biology”.
Check the structure and function of DNA.
Check what micro-satellite DNA are.

Lesson6
Check all the keywords. You need to be able to explain them by yourself before the class.
Count how many species are there on the earth by checking a book (any book is OK but note the book title)!

Lesson8
Check all the keywords. You need to be able to explain them by yourself before the class.
Count how many species are at the risk of extinction!

Lesson9
Check all the keywords. You need to be able to explain them by yourself before the class.
Go to the supermarket or co-op to find products with an eco-label.


Lesson9
Check all the keywords. You need to be able to explain them by yourself before the class.

Lesso10
Check all the keywords. You need to be able to explain them by yourself before the class.

- A TA will answer students’ questions
- A TA will support groupwork, if necessary in Japanese
-  A TA will support students’ preparation for presentations
-  Class material will be distributed to students through Bb9 etc. so they can check vocabulary or use translation software beforehand.
- A vocabulary list of keywords will be provided.
 
Requirements It is necessary to take both  Global Environmental Issues from the Social and Scientific Perspectives I and Global Environmental Issues from the Social and Scientific PerspectivesⅡ . 
Grading Method Final exam, homework check, attitude toward the class and assignments, test after the class are used for grading. 
Practical Experience  
Summary of Practical Experience and Class Contents based on it  
Message 2022年1月1日放送のNHKスペシャル「パーフェクト・プラネット ~生命あふれる“奇跡の惑星”~」に出演した教員が担当します。

Bring your PC.
PC! PC! PC!
You must bring your PC even in a face to face class. You need it to answer my questions. 
Other Japanese readable students, 「正義の生物学(講談社)」 covers a series of classes in GEISS. I highly recommend you reading this book. It takes you to the higher level of understanding.

You must register Global Environmental Issues from the Social and Scientific Perspectives II (社会と科学からみた地球環境問題 II). 
Please fill in the class improvement questionnaire which is carried out on all classes.
Instructors will reflect on your feedback and utilize the information for improving their teaching. 
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