Hiroshima University Syllabus

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Academic Year 2020Year School/Graduate School Graduate School of Advanced Science and Engineering (Master's Course) Division of Advanced Science and Engineering Transdisciplinary Science and Engineering Program
Lecture Code WSQN1101 Subject Classification Specialized Education
Subject Name Sustainable Architecture A
Subject Name
Subject Name in
Sustainable Architecture A
クボタ テツ
Campus Higashi-Hiroshima Semester/Term 1st-Year,  First Semester,  2Term
Days, Periods, and Classrooms (2T) Tues7-8,Weds7-8:IDEC 201
Lesson Style Lecture Lesson Style
【More Details】
- Class style: Online (I will change it to face-to-face lectures whenever possible. )
- Application softwares: Bb9 and MS Teams
- Start date: 16 June 2020 (Tuesday) 
Credits 2.0 Class Hours/Week   Language on Instruction E : English
Course Level 5 : Graduate Basic
Course Area(Area) 25 : Science and Technology
Course Area(Discipline) 14 : Architecture
Eligible Students Any graduate student of Hiroshima University
Keywords Energy-saving, Low-carbon technology, Southeast Asia, Passive cooling, Residential buildings, Hot-humid climate, Energy consumption, Urban heat island, Developing countries 
Special Subject for Teacher Education   Special Subject  
Class Status
within Educational
Criterion referenced
Class Objectives
/Class Outline
Today, approximately 35-40% of the world energy is consumed in Asia, and this percentage is expected to rise further. Energy consumption has increased particularly in the residential sector in line with the rapid rise of the middle class. The majority of growing Asian cities are located in hot and humid climate regions. There is an urgent challenge for designers to provide healthy and comfortable indoor environments for occupants without consuming non-renewable energy and resources excessively in growing tropical Asian cities. This course aims to equip students with fundamental theory and techniques for achieving sustainable architecture in developing Asia. By the end of this course, each student should be able to:

1. Understand the present status in the housing sector in growing cities of Asia, particularly in Southeast Asia,
2. Explore the traditional passive techniques embedded in vernacular architecture in Asia,
3. Obtain basic knowledge of building techniques for sustainability,
4. Explore the latest advances in sustainable architecture through the review of actual practices, and
5. Discuss future challenges for sustainable architecture in group.

Ultimately, the students will be able to understand the present state of growing cities of Asia, which would become more crucial for the global environment in the near future. Moreover, this course will equip students with the skills to understand the local climatic, cultural and socioeconomic backgrounds of the cities or countries, which are necessary for international cooperation in the field of architecture. Meanwhile, the students also will be able to learn about necessary skills and fundamental principles for achieving sustainable architecture and discuss the future prospects. 
Class Schedule Lecture 1: Introduction
   - Scope of this course
   - Green growth in developing countries
Lecture 2: Vernacular architecture 1
   - Overview
   - Malay house and Chinese shophouse
Lecture 3: Vernacular architecture 2
   - Japanese traditional house
   - Radiant cooling
Lecture 4: Thermal comfort
   - Principles
   - Thermal comfort indexes and criteria
Lecture 5: Adaptive behavior
   - Principles
   - Adaptive thermal comfort
   - Window-opening behavior
Lecture 6: Presentation 1– Vernacular architecture
   - Presentation on examples of vernacular architecture
   - Discussion
Lecture 7: Thermal behavior of buildings
   - Heat losses and heat gains
   - Steady-state heat balance model
Lecture 8: Presentation 2– Residential buildings
   - Presentation on examples of residential buildings
   - Discussion
Lecture 9: Passive cooling
   - Principles
   - Cooling with ventilation
   - Practical examples
Lecture 10: Presentation 3– Non-residential buildings
   - Presentation on examples of non-residential buildings
   - Discussion
Lecture 11: Research example
   - Energy-saving modification project in Malaysia
Lecture 12: Indoor air quality
   - Principles
   - Sick buildings
   - Dampness and mold
Lecture 13: Group work
Lecture 14: Other important topics
Lecture 15: Group presentation

Two mini tests and two presentation will be given during the course. 
- Lecture notes are distributed in each class
- Further readings are as follows:
[1] ASHRAE, 2009 ASHRAE Handbook, Fundamentals, SI Edition, ASHRAE; 2009.
[2] Cunningham, W.P. et al. (2007) Environmental Science, A global concern, 9th ed. New York: McGraw-Hill.
[3] Emmanuel, M.R. (2005) An Urban Approach to Climate-Sensitive Design, Strategies for the Tropics, Spon Press, London.
[4] Evans, M. (1980) Housing, Climate and Comfort, John Willey & Sons, Inc.
[5] Fanger, P.O., Thermal Comfort: Analysis and Applications in Environmental Engineering. New York: McGraw-Hill Book Co, 1972.
[6] Gartland, L. (2008) Heat Island, Understanding and Mitigating Heat in Urban Areas, Earthscan, London.
[7] Givoni, B. (1998) Climate Consideration in Building and Urban Design, John Willey & Sons, Inc.
[8] Kibert, C.J. (2008) Sustainable Construction: Green building design and delivery, 2nd ed., John Willey & Sons, Inc.
[9] Lechner, N. (2009) Heating, Cooling, Lighting: Sustainable design methods for architects, 3rd ed., John Willey & Sons, Inc.
[10] McIntyre, D. A., Indoor Climate. London: Applied Science Publishers Ltd, 1980.
[11] McMullan R., Environmental Science in Building, 5th ed. New York: Palgrave Macmillan; 2002.
[12] Moore, F. (1993) Environmental Control Systems: Heating Cooling Lighting, McGraw-Hill, Inc.
[13] Parsons, K., Human Thermal Environments, The effects of hot, moderate and cold environments on human health, comfort and performance, Taylor & Francis; 2003.
[14] Szokolay, S.V. (2008) Introduction to Architectural Science: The Basis of Sustainable Design, 2nd ed., Elsevier Ltd.
[15] Watson, D. et al. (1983) Climatic Design, McGraw-Hill, Inc.
[16] Wong, N.H. et al (2009) Tropical Urban Heat Islands; Climate, Buildings and Greenery, Taylor & Francis, London. 
PC or AV used in
Lecture notes, MS Power Point 
Suggestions on
Preparation and
Mini tests will be given every three to four weeks in order to see the degree of understanding to lectures. 
Requirements This course is open to any graduate student. It has no stipulated pre-requisites and is open to all majors. 
Grading Method Course evaluation: Mini tests (20%), presentation (60%) and participation (20%) 
Practical Experience  
Summary of Practical Experience and Class Contents based on it  
Please fill in the class improvement questionnaire which is carried out on all classes.
Instructors will reflect on your feedback and utilize the information for improving their teaching. 
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