Hiroshima University Syllabus

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Academic Year 2020Year School/Graduate School Liberal Arts Education Program
Lecture Code 63300301 Subject Classification Area Courses
Subject Name 自然科学研究の倫理と法令
Subject Name
Subject Name in
Ethics and regulations in natural science research
タナカ ノブカズ,ウメオ カズノリ,ナカシマ サトル,イナダ クニノブ,ノブキヨ アサコ,キタムラ ケンジ,マツシマ アキヒト,ソトマル ユウスケ
Campus Higashi-Hiroshima Semester/Term 1st-Year,  First Semester,  1Term
Days, Periods, and Classrooms (1T) Mon5-8:IAS K209
Lesson Style Lecture Lesson Style
【More Details】
Credits 2.0 Class Hours/Week   Language on Instruction J : Japanese
Course Level 1 : Undergraduate Introductory
Course Area(Area) 26 : Biological and Life Sciences
Course Area(Discipline) 04 : Life Sciences
Eligible Students Undergraduate (first and more year) students
Keywords Safe management, Compliance, Biodiversity, Living modified organisms, Genetic resource, Genome editing, Animal Experiment, Animal welfare, Clone, iPS/ES, High pressure gas, Cryogen, Radiation effect, Radioisotope, Application of radiation, Environmental radioactivity, Nuclear accident 
Special Subject for Teacher Education   Special Subject  
Class Status within
Liberal Arts Education
In this lecture, students will learn basic and fundamental natural science ethics, related laws and regulations, and recent topics that they should know before starting actual natural scientific research at the university laboratory. 
Expected OutcomeA sense of compliance will be cultivated for students involved in natural science research at university in the laboratory. 
Class Objectives
/Class Outline
[Objective] Modern natural science has developed rapidly and research in universities is in a position to lead its development. However, with the rapid progress of natural science, the sense of ethics that should be originally thought is diluted. Under such circumstances, since there is a possibility of misjudging the direction of natural science, it is necessary to regulate by law in order to deter it. In other words, it is important that the progress of natural scientific research is regulated so as not to deviate from the conservation of the natural environment and the maintenance of a safe human society. This class aims to understand the importance of compliance in the research and experiment of natural science.
[Outline] Faculty members engaged in genetic experiments, animal experiments, low temperature experiments and radiation experiments at Integrated Experimental Support / Research Division in the Natural Science Center for Basic Research and Development will explain the ethics and laws on research and experiments in their respective fields in an easy-to-understand manner. The sense of compliance of students involved in natural science research will be fostered.
In this class, we divide the whole into four units of genetic experiments, animal experiments, cryogenic experiments and radiation experiments, and conduct related classes two to four lessons in each. Each person in charge is as follows;
1) Genetic experiment: Nobukazu Tanaka and Kenji Kitamura.
2) Animal experiment: Yusuke Sotomaru and Asako Nobukiyo.
3) Cryogenic experiment: Kazunori Umeo.
4) Radiation experiment: Satoru Nakashima, Kuninobu Inada, and Akihito Matsushima. 
Class Schedule lesson1 Outline of this lecture: What is ethics and compliance in natural science researches? (Tanaka)
lesson2 Biodiversity and conservation of the natural environment. (Tanaka)
lesson3 Pathogenic microorganisms and living modified organisms. (Tanaka)
lesson4 Nagoya Protocol and ABS. (Kitamura)
lesson5 Genome editing and gene drive. (Tanaka)
lesson6 Digital sequence information and synthetic biology. (Kitamura)
lesson7 Ethics and laws related to animal experiments. (Sotomaru)
lesson8 Criteria for advanced animal experiments. (Sotomaru)
lesson9 Welfare of laboratory animals. (Nobukiyo)
lesson10 Handling and Lows of high pressure gases. (Umeo)
lesson11 Handling and Lows of cryogens. (Umeo)
lesson12 Radiation use and radiation regulation. (Nakashima)
lesson13 RI act and ordinances concerned. (Nakashima)
lesson14 Safety Utilization of Radiation for Life Science. (Inada)
lesson15 Environmental radiation (including Fukushima Nuclear Plant Accident). (Matsushima)

This class is divided into 4 units in the second to sixth (genetic experiment), the seventh to ninth (animal experiment), the tenth and eleventh (cryogenic experiment), and the twelfth to fifteen lesson (radiation experiment). Tasks (tests or reports) will be carried out with each unit.

Not specified. 
PC or AV used in
Handout (Power Point) 
Suggestions on
Preparation and
lesson1:Understand the ethics and compliance in natural science researches.
lesson2:Understand the maintenance of biodiversity important for conserving natural environment.
lesson3:Understand the attention to pathogenic microorganisms and the safety management of genetically modified organisms.
lesson4:Understand the concepts of Nagoya protocol and ABS for utilization of oversea genetic materials in biochemical studies.
lesson5:Understand the impact of latest technologies, genome editing and gene drive, on the environment.
lesson6:Understand the problem for utilizing gene sequence database information for genetic modification of living organisms (synthetic biology).
lesson7:Understand ethics and compliance with laws and regulations in animal experiments.
lesson8:Understand the norms of advanced animal experiments such as cloning and stem cells research.
lesson9:Understand the necessity of animal welfare for laboratory animals in animal experiments.
lesson10:Understand how to handle the high pressure gases and containers (bomb) and related lows.
lesson11:Understand how to handle cryogens (liquid nitrogen and helium) and related lows.
lesson12:Understand the studies using radiation and the influence of radiation on human body.
lesson13:Understand the safety for radiation user and the public.
lesson14:Understand the safety utilization of radiation for life science.
lesson15:Understand the environmental radiation including artificial radiation spewing from nuclear power plant accident.
Requirements Although there are no particular attention and conditions for taking courses in this class, students who are planning to conduct research in the field of natural sciences, such as life sciences, are desirable. 
Grading Method We evaluate at 100 points with 25 points for each of the four units.  
Practical Experience  
Summary of Practical Experience and Class Contents based on it  
Message Nothing 
Other Nothing 
Please fill in the class improvement questionnaire which is carried out on all classes.
Instructors will reflect on your feedback and utilize the information for improving their teaching. 
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