Hiroshima University Syllabus

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Academic Year 2020Year School/Graduate School School of Applied Biological Science
Lecture Code L3022005 Subject Classification Specialized Education
Subject Name 草地畜産学
Subject Name
Subject Name in
Grassland Farming
クロカワ ユウゾウ,ブンゴ タカシ
Campus Higashi-Hiroshima Semester/Term 3rd-Year,  First Semester,  1Term
Days, Periods, and Classrooms (1T) Weds1-4:ABS C301
Lesson Style Lecture Lesson Style
【More Details】
Lecture, Visiting University Farm and Observation of Grassland. 
Credits 2.0 Class Hours/Week   Language on Instruction J : Japanese
Course Level 3 : Undergraduate High-Intermediate
Course Area(Area) 26 : Biological and Life Sciences
Course Area(Discipline) 01 : Agricultural Sciences
Eligible Students Faculty of Applied Biological Science, 3rd Year, First Semester
Keywords Grassland science, Animal Science, Grazing management, Grassland Ecology, Nutrient and Eneryg flow in grassland. 
Special Subject for Teacher Education   Special Subject  
Class Status
within Educational
Forage crop production and grazing are essential for animal production. 
Criterion referenced
Animal Science
(Knowledge and Understanding)
・Abilities to take action by over viewing and considering both academically and comprehensively, in order to deal with issues related to specialty.
・Knowledge and understanding of living molecules or individual-level phenomena that relate to livestock production.
・Knowledge and understanding on animal production mechanisms and relations among animals, human society? And natural environment in fields
(Comprehensive Abilities)
・With regard to certain phenomena related animal production, to be able define one's target and summalize one's ideas about it and make a logical presentation by orally and in writings and answering the questions. 
Class Objectives
/Class Outline
The aims of this class are to learn the significance of grassland function and structure, and to understand the fundamental knowledge for efficient grazing management. Recent environmental issues in grassland ecosystem are also lectured.  
Class Schedule Lesson 1:  Introduction, What is grassland? Grassland type and distribution
Lesson 2: Utilization of forage and herbage Variety and Characteristics, Meadow and Grazing, Silage and hay.
Lesson 3: Quality and Productivity of forage and herbage.
Lesson 4: Cultivation and harvest of forage and herbage. Cropping system.
Lesson 5: Visit to University Farm and watch the grasslands. Significance of grasslands for beef and dairy production.
Lesson 6: Grassland and weed. Other plants than those cultivated, Invasive Alien Species Act and herbage.
Lesson 7: Cultural control of weed in grassland. Grassland diagnosis. How to measure vegetation in grassland.
Lesson 8: Measurement of grassland vegetation at the University Farm.
Lesson 9: Energy and nutrient budget in grassland.
Lesson 10: Environmental issue of grassland production. Multiple function of grassland. The first exam for Lesson 1-Lesson 10.
Lesson 11: Grazing; Fundamentals and characteristics of grazing, Nutrient requirements of grazing animals and its management. Nutrient production in grazed pasture.
Lesson 12: Grazing; Plan for utilization and managements, Grazing and management of native grassland, forest and abandoned cultivated land, Effects o grazing.
Lesson 13: Grazing cattle; Preparation for grazing, Beginning of grazing, Management during grazing, Preparation for housing, Health management.
Lesson 14: Grazing management; Dairy cattle.
Lession 15: Grazing management; Beef cattle. The second exam for Lesson 11-Lesson 15.

A test at each lesson is made for confirmation of attendance and understanding.
Report for measurement of grassland vegetation at Lesson 8.
Examinations will be made on Lesson 10 and Lesson 15 as paper tests. 
1. Hodgson, J. and Illius, A.W. (1996) The Ecology and Management of Grazing Systems. CAB International.
2. Frame, J. (2000) Improved Grassland Management. CAB International.
3. Whitehead D. C. (1995) Grassland Nitrogen. CAB International.
PC or AV used in
Slides, blackboad and handouts.
In lesson 5 and 8: making field observation at the Hiroshima University Farm (Saijo Station).  
Suggestions on
Preparation and
What kind of feed are necessary for ruminants? What is different between beef and dairy cattle? If you can answer these questions, your understanding in this lecture will be deepen. Understanding environmental problem on animal production will help you understand importance of grassland production. Please watch plants in front of you when you walk around. 
Grading Method Test at each lesson (10%) + Report (20%) + exams on Lesson 10 and Lesson 15 (70%)
More than 60% attendance is needed to have exams. 
Practical Experience  
Summary of Practical Experience and Class Contents based on it  
Please fill in the class improvement questionnaire which is carried out on all classes.
Instructors will reflect on your feedback and utilize the information for improving their teaching. 
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