Hiroshima University Syllabus

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Japanese
Academic Year 2020Year School/Graduate School School of Science
Lecture Code HD260000 Subject Classification Specialized Education
Subject Name 固体物理学I
Subject Name
(Katakana)
コタイブツリガクイチ
Subject Name in
English
Solid State Physics I
Instructor KIMURA AKIO
Instructor
(Katakana)
キムラ アキオ
Campus Higashi-Hiroshima Semester/Term 3rd-Year,  Second Semester,  Second Semester
Days, Periods, and Classrooms (2nd) Thur5-6
Lesson Style Lecture Lesson Style
(More Details)
 
Lecture using handouts 
Credits 2.0 Class Hours/Week   Language on Instruction J : Japanese
Course Level 3 : Undergraduate High-Intermediate
Course Area(Area) 25 : Science and Technology
Course Area(Discipline) 06 : Physics
Eligible Students 6th semester
Keywords electric resistivity, reciprocal space, Fermi surface, band gap, metal, insulator, semiconductor, lattice vibration. 
Special Subject for Teacher Education   Special Subject  
Class Status
within Educational
Program
The purpose of solid-state physics is to elucidate the mechanisms of a wide variety of properties and functions of solids from the microscopic viewpoints, with methodology of physics, such as quantum mechanics and statistical mechanics, as has been learnt until the first semester of the third year. 
Criterion referenced
Evaluation
Physics
(Knowledge and Understanding)
・Knowledge and understanding of specialized field of elementary particle physics, cosmophysics, astrophysics, solid-state physics, condensed matter physics and radiation physics. 
Class Objectives
/Class Outline
The class has aim students to learn about the fundamentals necessary for an understanding of the solid-state physics. 
Class Schedule 1. Introduction
  History, Outline, Scope of lecture, Relation with other science and modern society.
2. Classic theory of conductive electrons
  Electric resistivity, Thermal conductivity, Wiedemann-Franz law, Drude mode, Relaxation-time approximation, Drift velocity, Electron mobility, Hall effect, Mean free path.
3. Heat capacity and lattice vibration
  Equipartition theorem, Heat capacity of solids, Lattice specific heat, Bose-Einstein statistics, Einstein model, Phonon dispersion, Debye temperature, Debye model.
4. Electron Fermi gas
  Fermi-Dirac statistics, Fermi surface, Fermi degeneracy, Fermi energy, Fermi momentum, Fermi velocity, Sommerfeld model, Low-temperature electronic specific heat.
5. Wave and crystal
  Diffraction experiment, Bragg's condiiton, Laue's condition, Bravais lattice, Reciprocal lattice.
6. Reciprocal space
  Fourier transform, Convolution integral, 1D periodic function, 3D periodic function, Crystal plane.
7. Electrons in periodic potential
Bloch wave, Crystal momentum, Bloch theorem, Energy band and energy gap, Metal and insulator.
8. Anisotropy of electronic structure
  Bragg plane. Brillouin zone, Nearly-free electron model, Number of degeneracy, Anisotropy of band dispersion, Semimetal, 3D shape of Fermi surface.
9. Electron as wave packet
  Bloch wave packet, Group velocity, Effective mass, Effective-mass approximation, Equation of motion of wave packet, Motion of electron in solids under electromagnetic field.
10. Conductivity and Hall coefficient
  Non-equilibrium static distribution of electrons, Simplified Boltzmann equation, Phonon resistivity, Gr"uneisen function
11. Semiconductor
  Electron and hole, Thermally-excited carrier density, Law of mass action, Photoconductive element, Optical property, Carrier doping, Donor and acceptor, Intrinsic, saturate and freeze-out regions.
12. Non-linear electric device
  PN junction, Built-in potential, Diode equation, Diode, Light emitting diode, Solar cell, Bipolar transistor.
13. Problem-solving exercise
  Solution and explanation of the problems for report and excercise.
14. Summary
15. Final examination

Semester final exam is performed, and a couple of reports will be posed for survey of your  understandings. 
Text/Reference
Books,etc.
"Introduction to Solid State Physics," by Charles Kittel, John Wiley & Sons, Inc.;
"Solid-State Physics," by H. Ibach and H. L"uth, Springer-Verlag;
"Solid State Physics," by Neil W. Ashcroft and N. David Mermin.
 
PC or AV used in
Class,etc.
 
(More Details) Handouts 
Learning techniques to be incorporated  
Suggestions on
Preparation and
Review
Handouts will be distributed, prior to class, and be described in detail with respect to preparation and review.
In the preparation, it is desirable to organize the questions.
 
Requirements In the lecture, we use Quantum mechanics, Statistical mechanics, Crystallography, Fourier transform, etc.  So, your reviewing or self-education of the elementary knowledge about these subjects is recommended. 
Grading Method The criterion for evaluation is the level of understanding, and the evaluation is mainly based on the result of semester final examination.  In addition, the reports and attendance of the lecture may also be taken into account. 
Practical Experience  
Summary of Practical Experience and Class Contents based on it  
Message Students, who will be involved in researches on solid state physics, material development and relevant work, are recommended to take this lecture. 
Other   
Please fill in the class improvement questionnaire which is carried out on all classes.
Instructors will reflect on your feedback and utilize the information for improving their teaching. 
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