School of Education
|Subject Name in
|Japanese Grammar (Lec.)
2nd-Year, First Semester, 1Term
|Days, Periods, and Classrooms
(1T) Fri5-8：EDU K108
|Lecture, discussion, and individual instruction (by teaching assistant)
||Language on Instruction
Arts and Humanities
||Students in the “Course in Teaching Japanese as a Second Language,” required elective
Japanese, grammar, regulations, unconscious knowledge, non-sentence
|Special Subject for Teacher Education
|This is a basic subject to help students to develop fundamental recognition regarding a linguistic structure necessary for teaching Japanese (especially teaching Japanese grammar to non-native speakers), and to develop their research capabilities.|
The expected learning outcomes will be the following:
1) Knowledge/understanding: Obtaining fundamental knowledge regarding the grammar of Japanese as a second language
2) Intellectual abilities/skills: Analyzing the regulations and difficulties of Japanese grammar, and explaining them in one’s own words.
3) Practical abilities/skills: Analyzing key points of basic Japanese grammar, and explaining them to persons studying Japanese as a second language.
4) Comprehensive abilities/skills: Choosing an appropriate theme on Japanese grammar, and writing an essay on it.
|Teaching Japanese as a Second Language|
（Knowledge and Understanding）
・Acquiring basic knowledge of education of the Japanese language and culture.
|By focusing on introductory Japanese grammar for beginners, students in this class will consider how Japanese grammar should be explained to non-native speakers of Japanese and what problems such speakers face, while analyzing tangible data.
Specifically, students will consider the following basic themes step-by-step.
1. Parts of speech; 2. Particles; 3. Conjugation; 4.Person; 5.Tense
||lesson 1: Guidance
Using grammatically wrong sentences (non-sentences), students will consider how grammar should be taught to non-native speakers.
lesson 2:“N wa N desu.”
Students will study the classification of Japanese sentence patterns according to predicate, and then focus on the most simple sentence structure “N wa N desu” (noun predicate sentence), thereby considering the basic structure of the Japanese language.
lesson 3:“ko,”“so,” and “a” (Demonstrative)
Students will consider the characteristics of demonstratives of the Japanese language, by making comparisons with those of other languages and focusing on misuse of demonstratives by persons studying Japanese as a second language.
lesson 4: Verb Conjugation (Polite Form)
Before studying plain form verb conjugation, students will consider the meanings and use of the “masu” conjugations (“masu,” “mashita,” “masen,” “masendeshita,” and “masho”).
lesson 5: Particle (1) Secondary Complement
Students will consider the characteristics of particles forming secondary complements.
lesson 6: Particle (2) Primary Complement
Students will consider the meanings and use of particles forming primary complements, with focus on their relationships with verb semantic types.
They will also consider the appropriate use of particles.
lesson 7:Expressions of “Giving” and “Receiving” (Yarimorai)
Students will consider the characteristics of the Japanese expressions of “Yarimorai”, by making comparison with those of other languages and focusing on misuse of the expressions by persons studying Japanese as a second language.
lesson 8: Adjective Predicate Sentence
Students will consider key points of pedagogical grammar regarding the forms of “i”-adjectives/“na”- adjectives and sentence structures by making comparison with noun predicate sentences and verb predicate sentences.
lesson 9:“wa” and “ga”
With consideration given to the relevant context, students will consider the regulations in the uses of “wa” and “ga.”
lesson 10:Conjugation and Use of “te” Form
Students will consider the regulations in the conjugation of the “te” form, and analyze the points that persons studying Japanese as a second language might find difficult and why.
lesson 11: Use of “teiru”
Students will analyze the meanings and uses of “teiru,” and consider the classification of verbs from aspectual points of view.
lesson 12: Conjugation and Use of “nai” Form, Dictionary Form, and “ta” Form
Students will consider the conjugation and use of the “nai” form, as well as the use of the dictionary form and the “ta” form.
lesson 13: Polite Form and Plain Form
Referring to misuse by Japanese leaners, students will consider the differences in the plain forms and polite forms of predicates between when they are used in the middle of a sentence and when they are used at the end of a sentence.
lesson 14: Review
Based on the topic presented in the guidance session, student will review the previous 13 lessons and, if necessary, receive further explanation.
lesson 15: Comment from Instructor
Students will receive comments from the instructor regarding the essays that they have submitted.
- A quiz will be held each time; no term-end examination will be held.
- Each student will need to submit an essay at the end of the term. (They can select themes on their own.)
Lesson 10 and lesson 11 will be taught by Hideki Chosa, the Teaching Fellow(TF) of the class.
|Textbook: Minna-no-nihongo (The Japanese Language for All), Basic I, 2nd Ed., Main Text, 3A Network, (2,625 yen)
Reference: Junko Morimoto, Exploring Mysteries of the Japanese Language (Chikuma Shinsho); and Hisashi Noda, Japanese Grammar for Beginners, (Kuroshio Shuppan)
|PC or AV used in
|Documents will be handed out.
|Lesson 1: Understand the theories of misuse examples.
Lesson 2: Understand the “topic-comment” structure of the Japanese language.
Lesson 3: Understand why “ko,” “so,” and “a” are difficult to understand for persons studying Japanese as a second language.
Lesson 4: Understand the correspondent relationship between tense forms and time.
Lesson 5: Understand the differences between primary complements and secondary complements.
Lesson 6: What is important is the relationship between the choice of an appropriate particle and the meaning of a verb .
Lesson 7: The point is the reason why there are three verbs in Japanese to express “giving” and “receiving” .
Lesson 8: Understand the differences in characteristics between “i” adjectives and “na” adjectives.
Lesson 9: The keypoint is when to use “ga.”
Lesson 10: The keypoint is to distinguish between the conjugation forms (I and II groups) and understand the regulations of euphonic change.
Lesson 11: Try practical exercises, using various verbs.
Lesson 12: Understand the order and problems regarding the introduction of the dictionary form.
Lesson 13: Understand the relationship between politeness and sentence structures.
||- Upon completing this class, students will certainly be able to earn credits for a special subject for a teacher of the Japanese language. However, this class is designed to provide the basics not for teaching Japanese to native speakers, but for teaching Japanese to non-native speakers. In this regard, it is not recommended to register for this class in order to gain a teaching license for teaching Japanese to native speakers.
- As for the registration for this class, no requirements are set regarding previous academic achievement. Also, no preliminary knowledge is necessary.
- If students do not register for this class, they will not be allowed to register for Pedagogical Japanese Grammar (2nd Year, Second Semester), in principle.
||(1) Quiz (50%)
(2) Essay (50%)
|Summary of Practical Experience and Class Contents based on it
||This class will feature a question-and-answer style. Please participate actively.
|Please fill in the class improvement questionnaire which is carried out on all classes.
Instructors will reflect on your feedback and utilize the information for improving their teaching.