Hiroshima University Syllabus

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Academic Year 2020Year School/Graduate School School of Education
Lecture Code CC130203 Subject Classification Specialized Education
Subject Name 大脳生理・病理
Subject Name
Subject Name in
Physiology and Pathology of the Brain
タカノ ミユキ,カワイ ノリムネ
Campus Higashi-Hiroshima Semester/Term 2nd-Year,  First Semester,  Intensive
Days, Periods, and Classrooms (Int) Inte
Lesson Style Lecture Lesson Style
(More Details)
Credits 2.0 Class Hours/Week   Language on Instruction J : Japanese
Course Level 2 : Undergraduate Low-Intermediate
Course Area(Area) 24 : Social Sciences
Course Area(Discipline) 07 : Education
Eligible Students Students of Faculty of Education Cluster 1 Program in Special Needs School Teacher Education
Keywords Brain anatomy, physiology, nerve mechanism, mechanism of diseases and disorders, utilization of medical knowledge in special needs education
Special Subject for Teacher Education   Special Subject  
Class Status
within Educational
Criterion referenced
Special Support School Teacher Education
(Knowledge and Understanding)
・Having knowledge of psychological traits of children with disabilities as well as basic medical knowledge required in practice. 
Class Objectives
/Class Outline
Through this course, students will learn the mechanism of brain and nervous systems and physiology, from development through delivery, and have discussions on disorders of sense organ and motor functions and emotional disorders in childhood. Also this course will provide the students with an explanation of disorders in development stage, fetal stage, and perinatal stage, resulting from a genetic factor, a fetus, a mother body, and an environmental factor, etc. Furthermore, this course will introduce the latest findings of prenatal diagnosis and various diseases, and provide a fundamental medical knowledge necessary for teachers who are engaged in special needs education.
Class Schedule Lesson 1: Brain anatomy and physiology 1. Anatomy ( brain , vessel, cerebral fluid)

Lesson 2: Brain anatomy and physiology 2 ( neurotransmitter & neuron network structure)

Lesson 3: Brain anatomy and physiology 3 Physiology ( motion, sense, affect, high-order function)

Lesson 4: Mechanism of emergence ( gamete, blastsphere, embryo, fetus, delivery)

Lesson 5: Mechanism and disorders of oral nervous system 1. visual nerve mechanism and visual impairments

Lesson 6: Mechanism and disorders of oral nervous system 2.  visual nerve mechanism and visual impairments

Lesson 7: Fundamentals of transmission and inborn error of metabolism

Lesson 8: Fundamentals of abnormal chromosome and prenatal diagnosis  

Lesson 9: Disorders in developing stage, fetal stage, and perinatal stage

Lesson 10: Intellectual impairments and educational support. Representative diseases and support

Lesson 11: Physical disorders and educational support. Movement disorders and the associated physical disorders, medical care

Lesson 12: Disease and supports related to health impairments

Lesson 13: Developmental disorders and support 1. Characteristics of brain functional disorders and early discovery

Lesson 14: Developmental disorders and support and support 2. Discussions for supporting at school

Lesson 15: Summary

There will be a report assignment.
PC or AV used in
(More Details) Handouts, Movies(videos/PC/other image data)
Learning techniques to be incorporated  
Suggestions on
Preparation and
Prepare and review well as this course includes a lot of medical related contents. If you have any question about the lessons, make sure to ask at the beginning of a lesson or some other time.
Requirements "・-Consult with your facilitator if you are not in the Program in Special Needs School Teacher Education.
・・ This course can be a substitute for either of the following courses for students who entered the university before the academic year 2009: ‘Visual Physiology & Pathology (required)’, ‘ Hearing Impairment Physiology & Pathology(required)’, ‘Intellectual Disability Physiology & Pathology (required), and ‘ Physical Disability Physiology & Pathology (required)’. You are required to take three required courses out of the four. If you have taken only two of those, you must take this course. If you have taken only one or none of those courses, you must consult with your facilitator. "
Grading Method Students will be evaluated based on reports (to be evaluated based on the learning level of the fundamentals of cerebrum physiology & pathology and causes of disabilities which are required knowledge to engage in special needs education) and class performance.
Practical Experience  
Summary of Practical Experience and Class Contents based on it  
Please fill in the class improvement questionnaire which is carried out on all classes.
Instructors will reflect on your feedback and utilize the information for improving their teaching. 
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