Hiroshima University Syllabus

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Academic Year 2019Year School/Graduate School School of Applied Biological Science
Lecture Code L1007004 Subject Classification Specialized Education
Subject Name 食料生産管理学
Subject Name
Subject Name in
Food Production Management
ホソノ ケンジ,ヤマオ マサヒロ
Campus Higashi-Hiroshima Semester/Term 2nd-Year,  Second Semester,  3Term
Days, Periods, and Classrooms (3T) Fri1-4:ABS C314
Lesson Style Lecture Lesson Style
【More Details】
Lecture (some portions will include discussion) 
Credits 2 Class Hours/Week   Language on Instruction J : Japanese
Course Level 3 : Undergraduate High-Intermediate
Course Area(Area) 24 : Social Sciences
Course Area(Discipline) 24 : Economics
Eligible Students  
Keywords Food Resources, Food Policy, Agricultural Policy, Fisheries Policy, Production Structure, Human Resources, Village-Run Farming, Local Resources, Multiple Functions, Globalization, Trade Liberalization 
Special Subject for Teacher Education   Special Subject  
Class Status
within Educational
Criterion referenced
Integrated Ecoscience
(Knowledge and Understanding)
・To be able to comprehensively understand  on life activities in biosphere and human utilization of them, with consideration of life phenomena and material circulation.
・To be able to understand human's food production activities and social system.

Biological Science of Fisheries
(Knowledge and Understanding)
・To understand management, expansion, utilization of fishing resources as well as economic activities of the fishing industry. 
Class Objectives
/Class Outline
This course will address the policy challenges surrounding Japan’s food production and their causes in local agricultural and fishery industry trends.
With changes in the Japanese economy, the need for structural reform of agriculture and fisheries is a growing topic of discussion. In this course, we will consider ideal frameworks for food production, ways to secure human resources, revitalization of agricultural and fishery industries in areas with disadvantageous conditions, and so on. We hope that based on the class’s content, students will gain a broad understanding of the various issues surrounding food production, distribution, and consumption.
Class Schedule Class 1: Food Production Management in an Era of Food Politics.
(The place of food production management in the field of food and environmental economics; course objectives and composition; Keywords: Food Politics, Biological Diversity, Food Policy, Agricultural Policy, Renewable Resources, Environmental Policy, Food System)
Class 2: Japanese Farmers and Their Transformation: Agricultural Industry Employees, Farmers, and Agricultural Administration
(Socioeconomic characteristics of farmers that have handled agricultural production and how they are changing today; Keywords: Agricultural Management Body, Farmer, Trinity, Small Farmers)
Class 3: How Can Strong Agricultural Management Bodies be Cultivated?
(Methods for cultivating highly productive agricultural management bodies in the future, with consideration for historical characteristics of Japanese farmers; debate surrounding the structural reform of agriculture;
summary of discussion points on the direction of Japanese agriculture; village-run farming; case study of a village-run farm in Hiroshima Prefecture;
potential of village-run farming; Keywords: Independent Farming, Structural Reform, New Entry, Village-Run Farming, Joint Ownership, Joint Use )
Class 4: What are Japan’s Agricultural Issues?
(Agricultural issues and their changes with the era; two processes constituting agricultural production; Keywords: Agriculture and Land, Micro Scale, M Process, BC Process)
Class 5: Structural Reform and Economy of Scale, Aims of Agricultural Policy
(Macro perspective of the decline of Japanese agriculture; challenges faced by agricultural reform; changes in emphasis of agricultural policy; Keywords: Producer Perspective, Consumer Perspective)
Class 6: Globalization and Agricultural Policy Reform (1)
(Trends from basic agricultural policy (calling for “selective enlargement”) and comprehensive agricultural policy;
emergence of local agricultural policy after Japan’s high growth period; growing interest in local agriculture revival and support for local agricultural policy;  
Class summary handouts will be provided.

Secondary text:
Sekai no nihon no shokuryō, nogyō, nōson ni kan suru fakutobukku 2015 世界と日本の食料・農業・農村に関するファクトブック 2015 [2015 Factbook on Food, Agriculture, and Farming Villages in the World and Japan]

Reference Works:
“Shoryō, nōgyō, nōson hakusho” 食料・農業・農村白書 [Food, Agriculture, and Farming Village White Paper]
“Suisan hakusho” 水産白書 [Fisheries White Paper]
Nosanson ha shōmetsu shinai 農山村は消滅しない [Farming and Mountain Villages Will Not Go Extinct], Tokumi Odagiri 小田切徳美
Fūdo shisutemu no keizagaku フードシステムの経済学 [Food System Economics], Hiromi Tokoyama 時子山ひろみ and Fumio Egaitsu 荏開津典生
Shoku to nō no keizaigaku 食と農の経済学 [Food and Agriculture Economics], Hashimoto et al.

Literature and materials will be introduced individually in accordance with the content of each class.
PC or AV used in
Distributed materials, projector 
Suggestions on
Preparation and
Class 1: Reference works related to the overall course will be introduced. Please consult works from fields you are interested in.
Class 2: Check the newest version of the "Shoryō, nōgyō, nōson hakusho" 食料・農業・農村白書 [Food, Agriculture, and Farming Village White Paper] on the Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries homepage.
Class 3: Consider what strong agriculture administration bodies are based on choice and centralization.
Class 4: Based on a topic that is already familiar to you, think about the characteristics of Japan’s agriculture and agricultural administration.
Class 5: Go to the Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries homepage and/or other websites and look up changes in Japan’s food self-sufficiency rate and the structure of its food production industry.
Class 6: Understand the economy’s trend of globalization.
Class 7: Research trends toward trade liberalization (TPP, etc.) and their relationship to agriculture.
Class 8: Read the literature introduced to understand trends and changes in recent agricultural policies.
Class 9: Visit the Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries homepage as well as websites of other agriculture-related groups and research the content of the Direct Payment System for Mountainous, Hilly, etc. Areas.
Class 10: Visit Hiroshima Prefecture’s homepage and consider the accomplishments of and issues facing measures for areas with disadvantageous conditions within the prefecture.
Class 11: Using the introduced literature, think about the multiple functions of agriculture.
Class 12: Read a basic textbook to more deeply understand the idea of the “commons.”
Cass 13: Check the “Suisan hakusho” 水産白書 [Fisheries White Paper] on the Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries homepage.
Class 14: Read the introduced literature on Japan’s fishing industry management system and organization.
Class 15: Consider the various influences that structural policy reforms to food production have had on local society.
Grading Method Evaluated based on the exam and quiz grades. Students who are absent for one-third or more of the total classes without permission will not receive a grade.
“Knowledge and Understanding” will be evaluated primarily based on the quiz; “Intellectual Abilities and Skills” and “Overall Abilities and Skills” will be evaluated based on both the quiz and the end-of-term exam.
Message The findings from a variety of fields will be covered in this course: agricultural economics, food economics, resource economics, anthropology, environmental sociology, legal system theory, developmental economics, etc. Today, interdisciplinary and comprehensive knowledge is necessary to study the use and management of resource environments.
Please use this course as an opportunity to heighten your interest in related areas.
Other http://home.hiroshima-u.ac.jp/~yamao/
Please fill in the class improvement questionnaire which is carried out on all classes.
Instructors will reflect on your feedback and utilize the information for improving their teaching. 
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